Untitled Document

1794: French Revolutionary Wars 

Fleurus, 26 June—Jourdan 82,000 vs. Coburg 70,500

 

1796: War of the 1st Coalition, Part I

Montenotte,11-12 April—Bonaparte 14,000 vs. Argenteau 9,000 Dego,14-15 April—Bonaparte 12,000 vs. Argenteau 5,700 San Michele 19 April—Sérurier 15,000 vs. Colli 11,000 Mondovi, 22 April—Sérurier 15,000 vs. Colli 11,000
General Bonaparte’s first campaign broke two years of stalemate in the coastal mountains, and succeeded in detaching the Piedmontese from the Austrian alliance.

 

1796-97: War of the 1st Coalition, Part II

Castiglione, 5 August—Bonaparte 35,000 vs. Wurmser 15,500 Arcole, 15-17 November—Bonaparte 20,000 vs. Alvintzy 18,500 Rivoli, 14-15 January—Bonaparte 22,000 vs. Alvintzy 28,000 Mantova, 16 January—Bonaparte 28,000 vs. Wurmser 14,000
Bonaparte parried four massive Austrian offensives in six months, marching quickly to gain local superiority.

 

1799-1800: War of the 2nd Coalition, Part I


Zurich I, 4-7 June 1799—Massena 30,000 vs. Charles 40,000 Novi, 15 August 1799—Joubert 35,000 vs. Suvorov 35,000 Zurich II, 25-26 Sept. 1799—Massena 33,500 vs. Korsakov 19,605 Hohenlinden, 3 Dec. 1800—Moreau 76,407 vs. Johann 58,221
After first Zurich a stalemate ensued. Joubert’s force landed at Genoa and was defeated at Novi. At second Zurich Massena defeated Korsakov and drove Russia from the Second Coalition.

 

1800: War of the 2nd Coalition, Part II


Chivasso, 26 May—Lannes 12,000 vs. Haddick 5,000 Turbigo, 31 May—Murat 12,000 vs. Vukassovich 5,346 Montebello, 9 June—Lannes 13,000 vs. Ott 18,000 Marengo, 14 June—Bonaparte 28,127 vs. Melas 29,096

Bonaparte led his army over the Alps in mid-May. Melas’s communications were cut with Ott’s defeat at Montebello. Melas launched a surprise attack at Marengo, catching Bonaparte off-guard. At 2:30 he arrived with the Reserve, and Desaix joined in at 5:30, clinching victory.

 

1805: War of the 3rd Coalition


Ulm, 19 October—Napoleon 80,000 vs. Mack 23,273 Dürrenstein, 11 Nov.—Mortier 12,000 vs. Kutuzov 24,000 Schöngrabern, 16 Nov.—Murat 35,000 vs. Nostitz 7,000 Austerlitz, 2 December —Napoleon 65,000 vs. Kutuzov 86,025

Austria opened hostilities, seizing Venezia and Bavaria. Before Russian help could arrive, Napoleon marched his army from the Channel coast and surrounded Ulm. The swiftness of the collapse and the fall of Vienna stunned the world.

 

1806-07: War of the Fourth Coalition The Coming Storm [201]


Jena, 13-14 October—Napoleon 124,800 vs. Hohenlohe 51,800 Auerstädt, 13-14 October—Davout 28,867 vs. Brunswick 53,380 Pultusk, 25-26 December—Lannes 25,600 vs. Bennigsen 40,000 Golymin, 25-26 December—Murat, 38,000 vs. Galitzin 17,000 Eylau, 7-8 February—Napoleon 81,080 vs. Bennigsen 68,669 Friedland, 13-14 June—Napoleon 67,297 vs. Bennigsen 61,219

In 1806 and 1807 the French encountered the poorly-led Prussians in Saxony and then came chaotic winter battles against the Russians.

 

1808-09: Peninsular War, Part I Napoleon in Spain


Vimeiro, 21 August—Junot 16,662 vs. Wellesley 18,669 Espinosa de los Monteros, 10 Nov.—Victor 21,000 vs. Blake 24,000 Tudela, 23 November—Lannes 31,000 vs. Castaños 19,000 La Coruna, 16 January—Soult 20,000 vs. Moore 14,900

The disaster at Bailen and Joseph’s withdrawal from Madrid forced the Emperor to appear there in person. The British had a strong base in Portugal. Popular insurrections broke out and the French were nearly driven from the peninsula by the time Napoleon arrived in November. By January Madrid had been reconquered, but rumblings from the Danube interrupted the mopping up operations and forced Napoleon to depart on January 17.

 

1809: War Against Austria The Last Success [202] 


Abensberg, 19-20 April—Napoleon 55,000 vs. Louis 34,000 Eckmühl, 21-22 April—Napoleon 60,000 vs. Charles 77,000 Aspern-Essling, 21-22 May—Napoleon 66,000 vs. Charles 95,800 Wagram, 5-6 July—Napoleon 160,000 vs. Charles 140,000

Napoleon and his Army of Germany met their first setback in the shadow of Vienna against a modernized Austrian Army.

 

1809: Peninsular War, Part II Napoleon’s Quagmire [207]


Medellin, 28 March—Victor 18,000 vs. Cuesta 26,000 Talavera, 27-28 July—Joseph 46,735 vs. Wellesley 54,569 Almonacid, 11 Aug.—Joseph 18,200 vs. Venegas 23,000 Ocaña, 18-19 Nov.—Joseph 29,000 vs. Aréizaga 54,939

Wellesley advanced against Victor, who withdrew onto reinforcements from Joseph and Sebastiani. Together they advanced on Talavera, suffering a tactical defeat. Venegas and then Aréizaga advanced on Madrid only to be defeated in turn. _

 

1810-11: Peninsular War, Part III The Struggle for Portugal


Bussaco, 27 Sept 1810—Massena 55,000 vs. Wellington 50,000 Fuentes de Oñoro, 3-5 May 1811—Massena 48,452 vs. Wellington 36,946 La Albuera, 16 May 1811—Soult 24,260 vs. Beresford & Blake 35,284

Wellington was forced to withdraw behind the lines of Torres Vedras to protect the approaches to Lisbon. Masséna's army was brought up short and eventually withdrew into Spain. In April 1811, Wellington besieged Almeida. When Soult gathered a new army and marched to relieve the siege of Badajoz, the opposing armies met at the village of Albuera.

 

1811-13: Peninsular War, Part IV The Spanish Ulcer


Sagunto, 25 October 1811—Suchet 20,000 vs. Blake 28,000 Salamanca, 22 July 1812—Marmont 49,652 vs. Wellington 51,939 Vitoria, 21 June 1813—Joseph 57,300 vs. Wellington 88,276

Wellington’s renewed offensive led to the defeat of Marmont at Salamanca. Madrid and Andalusia fell in quick succession.

 

1812: From Smolensk to Moscow Napoleon Against Russia [205] 


Smolensk, 16-17 August—Napoleon 140,000 vs. Barclay 30,000 Valutino, 18-19 August—Ney 30,000 vs. Barclay 40,000 Shevardino, 5-6 September—Napoleon 35,000 vs. Bagration 25,000 Borodino, 7-8 September—Napoleon 134,300 vs. Kutuzov 130,300 Maloyaroslavets, 23-24 Oct.—Napoleon 24,000 vs. Kutuzov 97,012

The Russian Army finally gave Napoleon the decisive battles he so greatly desired. His first maneuver started out well—with the French poised to slip into Smolensk behind the Russians. However, the opportunity to bring an end to the campaign remained unfulfilled. After that, Moscow became the default destination.

 

1813: War of Liberation, Part I Napoleon’s Resurgence [208] 


Lützen, 2 May—Napoleon 144,000 vs. Wittgenstein 93,000 Bautzen, 20-21 May—Napoleon 167,410 vs. Wittgenstein 97,000 Luckau, 5 June—Oudinot 20,000 vs. Bülow 15,000

Napoleon arrived with a fresh army at the end of April and drove the Coalition out of Saxony by the end of May. He left Oudinot to defend his communications against an advance from Berlin. The Armistice had been declared days before Oudinot’s loss at Luckau.

 

1813: War of Liberation, Part II


Löwenberg, 21 August—Napoleon 23,000 vs. Blücher 37,700 Dresden, 26-27 Aug—Napoleon 155,000 vs. Schwarzenberg 200,000 Wartenburg, 3 October—Bertrand 14,000 vs. Yorck 16,000

At the conclusion of the armistice the Emperor advanced into Silesia and caught up with Blücher at Löwenberg, but Blücher retreated to safety. Napoleon returned to Dresden to repulse the onslaught of the main enemy force in the plain of Dresden. After several lost battles, Napoleon abandoned the right bank of the Elbe, and Yorck’s crossing could not be stopped.

 

1813: War of Liberation, Part III Four Lost Battles Reprint 


Grossbeeren, 23 August—Oudinot 22,000 vs. Bülow 35,000 Katzbach, 26 August—Macdonald 84,000 vs. Blücher 63,000 Kulm, 29-30 August—Vandamme 37,000 vs. Barclay 70,000 Dennewitz, 6 September—Ney 58,000 vs. Bülow 100,000

Napoleon was outnumbered and strategically surrounded by three large armies: Bernadotte’s Army of the North, Blücher’s Army of Silesia, and Schwarzenberg’s Army of Bohemia. The Trachtenberg Plan required any one of these armies to retreat when faced by Napoleon in person, coordinated with an advance by the other two Armies. This plan was the undoing of Napoleon.

 

1813: War of Liberation, Part IV Napoleon at Leipzig [203] 


Leipzig, 14-19 October—Napoleon 196,550 vs. Schwarzenberg 279,030 Hanau, 30-31 October—Napoleon 50,000 vs. Wrede 42,392

Napoleon at Leipzig is a comprehensive game with a proven track record of excellent re-playability, among the most popular Napoleonic wargames of all time, with 20,000 copies in print across the first four editions. Now it has a bigger playing area and more manpower for both sides. Completely revised order of battle; all new unit set-ups; revised and expanded maps.

 

1814: Campaign in France, Part I La Patrie en Danger [204] 


Brienne, 29 January—Napoleon 36,000 vs. Blücher 28,000 La Rothière, 1 February—Napoleon 45,000 vs. Blücher 120,000 Champaubert, 10 February—Napoleon 15,000 vs. Olsufief 3,700 Montmirail, 11 February—Napoleon 25,000 vs. Yorck 32,000 Vauchamps, 14 February—Napoleon 11,000 vs. Blücher 8,000

Napoleon arrived at the front and surprised Blucher's Prussians and Russians during a snowstorm. Just two days later the Prussians triumphed at La Rothiere and wrote-off the enemy as a spent force, advancing hell-for-leather across the Marne and onto the highway to Paris. Ten days later Napoleon seized his opportunity when Marshal Vorwarts got his dispersed columns defeated in detail, in rapid succession in three short sharp combats.

 

1814: Campaign in France, Part II


Craonne, 7 March—Napoleon 39,000 vs. Winzingerode 23,000 Laon, 9-10 March—Napoleon 39,000 vs. Blücher 70,000 Reims, 12-13 March—Napoleon 18,000 vs. St. Priest 13,400

Blücher withdrew from the Ourcq when he heard of Napoleon's advance. At Soissons he linked up with reinforcements that brought his total force to 100,000. On 7 March, Napoleon attacked westwards along the Chemin des Dames. The Prussians were forced to withdraw towards Laon.

 

1814: Campaign in France, Part III


Mormant, 17 February—Napoleon 19,000 vs. Pahlen 4,300 Montereau, 18 February—Napoleon 30,000 vs. Württemberg 15,000 Arcis-sur-Aube, 20-21 March—Napoleon 30,000 vs. Schwarzenberg 100,000 La Fère Champenoise, 25 March—Marmont and Mortier 21,000 vs. Württemberg 28,000

As the Coalition armies approached Paris, Napoleon and his Marshals were unable to stem the flood of history.

 

1815: Campaign of the Hundred Days Napoleon’s Last Gamble [206]


Quatre-Bras, 16 June—Ney 26,695 vs. Wellington 36,000 Ligny, 16 June—Napoleon 80,000 vs. Blücher 86,569 Wavre, 18 June—Grouchy 33,000 vs. Thielemann 17,000 Waterloo, 18 June—Napoleon 71,947 vs. Wellington & Blücher 191,461 La Souffel, 28 June—Rapp 21,100 vs. Württemberg 30,000

Napoleon began by moving on the central position between the Prussian and British Armies. On June 15th the Grande Armée was unleashed across the Sambre River. As the 16th dawned, troops of both sides still converged on the battlefields. After withdrawing from the Rhine, General Rapp turned to oppose an Austrian crossing of the river line. The Württembergers moved to intercept. Rapp pulled back toward Strasbourg and fought the last pitched battle of the Napoleonic Wars.